About Sayyed Kamal Al Haydari

About Sayyed Kamal Al Haydari

Sayyid Kamāl al-Ḥaydarῑ was born in the holy city of Karbalā’ in the year 1956. He was raised in an educational environment, and completed his elementary, middle and high school education in Karbalā’ while simultaneously attending lessons on Tajwῑd[1] and studies of the Holy Qur’an under MullaJāsem al-Ḥumayrῑ. He was a distinct student and preferred over his peers by his teacher. As a result, he would substitute for his teacher at the time of his absence. His interest in Ḥawza studies began in Karbalā’ wherein he completed the introductory levels (muqaddimāt) under Shaykh Ḥusayn ’al-‘uthyān and Shaykh ‘Ali al-‘uthyān. He then moved to the holy city of Najaf to pursue his academic and religious studies. He completed his academic studies in the Faculty of Jurisprudence earning a Bachelor of Islamic Studies in the year 1987.

Along with his academic studies, his love and passion for Hawza studies drove him to complete the level ofṣuṭuḥ al-‘āliyah under the following teachers:
1) The martyr Ayatullah ‘abdel Ṣaḥeb al-Ḥakῑm.
2) Ayatullah Shaykh Bashῑr al-Najafῑ.

As for his teachers under whom he studied Baḥth al-Khārej, they are the following:
1) Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Muḥammad Bāqir al-Ṣadr.
2) Grand Ayatullah Sayyid Abul-Qāsim al-Mousawῑ al-Khu’ῑ.
3) His Eminence Sayyid Muḥammad Taqῑ al-Ḥakῑm.
4) His Eminence Ayatullah Shaykh Mῑrza ‘Alῑ al-Gharawῑ.
5) His Eminence Ayatullah Sayyid Nasrullah al-Mustanbt.

This is in regards to his study of jurisprudence (al-fiqh) and the principle of jurisprudence (usul ʾal-fiqh.) As for his philosophical and theological interests, he attempted to nourish them by attending the lessons of Sayyid Muslim al-Ḥellī and Shaykh ʿAbbas al-Qochānī[2].

When the situation in Najaf worsened and the grip on the scholars intensified, Sayyid Kamāl departed from Najaf and went to Kuwait. After a short while, he finally settled in the holy city of Qum which is considered to be the center of the Ḥawza’s in Iran and the center of jurisprudence, knowledge and gnosis.
From the beginning of the year 1983, Sayyid Kamāl pursued his Ḥawza studies on all levels. He attended Ayatullah al-ʿUthma Shaykh Waḥīd al-Khorāsānī’s lectures from the beginning of the subject of qatʿ and until the end of the course on Usul (principles of Islamic jurisprudence). He also attended the entire study of the subject of “ṣalāt” in the jurisprudential field under Ayatullah al-ʿUthma Shaykh Waḥīd al-Khorāsānī’s for six years. He also attended the lessons of Ayaotllah ʾal-ʿUthma Shaykh Mīrzā Jawād Tabrīzī for two years.

In addition to studying under these two scholars, he also attended Baḥth Khārij in the book of al-makāsib under Shaykh Mourtadha al-Ḥāʾerī, the son of Shaykh ʿAbdulKarīm al-Hāʾerī (the founder of the Islamic Seminary in the holy city of Qum).

As for the philosophical and gnosis (‘irfan) arena, he pursued his educational journey by attending the lessons of a group of the most profound and prominent scholars such as his eminence Ayatullah Shaykh Jawādi Amolī and his eminence Ayatullah Shaykh Ḥassan Zāda Amolī. He also benefited from attending the lessons and lectures of Ayatullah Mesbāḥ Yazdī.
When the Ḥawza witnessed his extensive and comprehensive interests in all the scientific fields, it requested him to take the responsibility of teaching and lecturing whereby he responded and accept the request with all respect. Hence he began giving lectures and lessons which are the following:

Islamic Jurisprudence:
1. Al-Lumʿa ad-Dimashqiyya (Consists of 345 Lessons)
2. Al-Makāseb al-Muḥarrama (consists of 187 lessons)
3. Kītāb-ul-bayʿ (consists of 229 lessons).
4. Khārij al-Makāsib (consists of 60 lessons).

The Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence
1. The three volumes of Sayyid Muhammad Baqir al-Sadr’s principles of Islamic Jurisprudence (consists of 404 lessons)
2. The general principles of comparative jurisprudence for Sayyid Muhammad Taqi al-Hakim (consists of 70 lessons).
3. Treatises of Shaykh al-a’tham. The topic of definiteness. (consists of 90 lessons).
4. Kharej al-Usul (400 lessons -still ongoing).

Islamic Philosophy
1. Bidayat al-Ḥikma, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ṭabeṭabaʾī (116 lessons).
2. Nihayat al-Ḥikma, Sayyid Muḥammad Ḥusayn Ṭabeṭabaʾī Tabetabaei (335 lessons).
3. Al-Manhaj al-Jadīd fī taʾlīm al-falsafa[3], Ayatullah Shaykh Mesbāḥ Yazdī (168 lessons).
4. The chapter of “the self” from al-manẓuma by Mulla Hādī Sabzawārī (70 lessons).
5. Al-Asfar al-ʿqaliya al-arbʿa, volume 1, Mulla Sadra (372 lessons).
6. Al-Asfar al-ʿqaliya al-arbʿa, volume 9, Mulla Sadra (240 lessons).
7. Al-Asfar al-ʿqaliya al-arbʿa, volume 2, Mulla Sadra (ongoing lessons).
8. Al-Asfar al-ʿqaliya al-arbʿa, volume 6, Mulla Sadra (ongoing lessons).

Logic
1. The book of logic by Shaykh Muẓaffar (105 lessons).

Islamic Theology
1. Al-Bāb al-Ḥādī ʿashar (30 lessons).
2. Lessons on the Doctrine of Divine Unity (117 lessons).
3. Lessons on Divine Justice (118 lessons).
4. Lessons on Imammate (174 lessons).

‘Irfan (Gnosis)
1. Tamhīdʾ al-Qawāʿed by Ibn Turkah al-Isfahānī (168 lessons).
2. Fusus al-Ḥikam[4] (ongoing lessons).

Exegesis of the Holy Qur’an
1. Introductions to the exegesis of the Qur’an (18 lessons).
2. The exegesis of the opening chapter of the holy Qur’an (17 lessons).
3. The exegesis of Ayatul-Kursi (64 lessons).
4. The exegesis of āli-ʿimrān (The Family of Imran) – (64 lessons).
5. The exegesis of the chapter of Yusuf (Joseph) – (35 lessons).
6. Miscellaneous lectures on exegesis (of the Qur’an) such as “the self”, “intercession”, “miracles”, and “the perfect man.” (120 lessons).

Ethics and Self-discipline
1. Exposition of the book “Jihad al-Akbar” by Imam Khomeini (40 lessons).
2. Various lectures regarding piety.

Miscellaneous Lectures:
1. Lectures on various intellectual, cultural, ideological and historical subject matters (150 lessons).
________________________________________

[1] Arabic term for elocution. It consists of rules which govern how the Qur’an should be read/recited.
[2] A prominent student and successor of the great ʿaref Ayatullah Sayyid ʿAlī al-Qāḍī.
[3] This book is translated into English by Professor Muhammad Legenhuesen under the title “Philosophical Instructions.”
[4] This book has been translated into English under the title “The Bezels of Wisdom.”